73rd AMENDMENTS (ELEVENTH SCHEDULE)
At local level, decentralised planning is being carried out by
Institutions of Self-Governance (ISGs) which are known locally as
Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI). The main responsibility of these
PRIs is to accelerate the pace of development and involve all people
in this process so that the felt needs of the people and their development
aspirations are fulfilled. The constitution and functions of these
PRIs at different levels are as follows:
At Village Level: To prepare Village Data Inventory (VDI) ,
convene Gram Sabha ( Elected body of cluster of 1/5 villages having
700-1200 adult population) meetings, list out the felt needs of
the village, prioritise the needs on the basis of resources available
and prepare a village plan to be submitted to Panchayat Samiti
(Elected body at Block level).
At Block Level: To prepare Block Data Inventory (BDI), aggregate
all village plans, identifying activities covering more than one
Gram Panchayat (Elected body of cluster of 10-15 Gram Sabhas)
and prepare block level plan to be submitted to the District Panchayat.
At District Level: To consolidate all block plans, disaggregate
them by item, year and cost (according to their link with rural
development programmes and sectoral programmes of the State and
Federal Governments), distribute the activities to different local
governmental departments sector wise and finally prepare the district
plan to be presented before the district planning committee for
finalisation and approval for both Perspective plan and Annual
The Local Government Departments work as executives to the Institutions
of Self Governance at different levels.
Tasks to be accomplished by rural local bodies (i.e. panchayat)
under 73rd amendments act. (Indicative sectors to be addressed under
NRDMS are given below)
Agriculture, including agriculture extension.
Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land
consolidation and soil conservation.
water management watershed development.
dairying and poultry.
and farm forestry.
Minor forest produce.
industries, including food processing industries.
and collage industries.
Fuel and fodder.
Roads, culverts, brides, ferries,
waterways, and other means of communication.
including distribution of electricity.
including primary and secondary schools.
Adult and non-formal education.
Markets and fairs.
Health and sanitation, including
hospitals, primary health centers and dispensaries.
Woman and child development.
Social welfare including welfare
of the handicapped and mentally retarded.
Welfare of the weaker sections, and
in particular, of the Scheduled castes and the Scheduled tribes.
Public distribution system.
Maintenance of community assets.